Giuseppina Caligiuri, MD, Ph.D. from the Laboratory for Vascular Translational Science, Université de Pari speaks about Coronary Stent CD31-mimetic Coating Favours Endothelialization And Reduces Local Inflammation And Neointimal Development In Vivo.
Link to Article:
The rapid endothelialization of bare-metal stents (BMS) is counterbalanced by neointimal growth caused by inflammation. Drug-eluting stents (DES) inhibit endothelialization thereby preventing leukocyte activation, slowing successful system penetration into arterial walls. We previously demonstrated that the vascular CD31 co-receptor is necessary for endothelial and leukocyte homeostasis as well as arterial healing. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that P8RI, a soluble synthetic peptide, acts as a CD31 agonist. The aim of this study was to see how a CD31-mimetic metal stent coating affected endothelial cell (EC) and blood element adherence in vitro, as well as strut coverage and neointimal growth in vivo.
Methods and Actual outcomes: We used two methods to coat Cobalt-Chromium discs and stents with a CD31-mimetic peptide: plasma amination and dip-coating, both of which achieved comparable results. In vitro, CD31-mimetic discs significantly decreased EC and blood platelet/leukocyte activation in primary human coronary arteries. At 7 and 28 days after implantation in pig coronary arteries, CD31-mimetic stent properties were compared to those of DES and BMS using coronarography and microscopy (n = 9 stents/group/time point). Only CD31-mimetic struts were completely endothelialized seven days after implantation, with no activated platelets or leukocytes. On day 28, neointima formation was substantially reduced over CD31-mimetic stents compared to BMS, appearing as a normal arterial media with no thrombosis, in contrast to DES.
Response: The CD31-mimetic coating promotes vascular homeostasis and arterial wall healing, avoiding stenosis and thrombosis within the stent. As a result, such coatings seem to increase the biocompatibility of metal stents.