Sammy Zakaria, MD, MPH from Johns Hopkins University speaks about Acute Cardiac Effects of Severe Pre-Eclampsia.Link to Article:https://www.jacc.org/doi/10.1016/j.jacc.2018.04.048SummaryBackground: Pre-eclampsia with severe features (PEC) is a pregnancy-related condition marked by severe hypertension and end-organ dysfunction, as well as short-term adverse cardiovascular events such as heart failure, pulmonary edema, and stroke.Objectives include:The authors wanted to see how right ventricular (RV) systolic pressure (RVSP) and echocardiographic-derived diastolic, systolic, and speckle monitoring parameters changed over time in women with PEC.Methodologies:The authors enrolled 63 women with PEC and 36 pregnant control patients in this prospective retrospective study.The following are the outcomes:As compared to the control cohort, the PEC cohort had a higher RVSP (31.0 7.9 mm Hg vs. 22.5 6.1 mm Hg; p 0.001) and a lower global RV longitudinal systolic strain (RVLSS) (19.6 3.2 percent vs. 23.8 2.9 percent [p 0.0001]). There were significant differences (p 0.001) in mitral septal e′ velocity (9.6 2.4 cm/s vs. 11.6 1.9 cm/s), septal E/e′ ratio (10.8 2.8 vs. 7.4 1.6), left atrial area size (20.1 3.8 cm2 vs. 17.3 2.9 cm2), and posterior and septal wall thickness for left-sided cardiac parameters (median [interquartile range]: 1.0 cm [0.9 to 1.1 cm] vs. 0.8 cm [0.7 to 0.9 cm], and 1.0 cm [0.8 to 1.2 cm] vs. 0.8 cm [0.7 to 0.9 cm]). PEC was seen in eight women (12.7%) with grade II diastolic dysfunction and six women (9.5%) with peripartum pulmonary edema.Final Thoughts:When compared to healthy pregnant women, women with PEC have higher RVSP, higher rates of irregular diastolic activity, decreased global RVLSS, increased left-sided chamber remodeling, and higher rates of peripartum pulmonary edema. - Hypertension - 369_600c9efaa3c99 · Page 5

Sammy Zakaria, MD @sxz110 @JohnsHopkins @HopkinsMedicine @GarimaVSharma @ErinMichos @DrAnumMinhas @DrLenaMathews #Hypertension #PreEclampsia #Cardiology #Heart #Research Acute Cardiac Eff...

Sammy Zakaria, MD @sxz110 @JohnsHopkins @HopkinsMedicine @GarimaVSharma @ErinMichos @DrAnumMinhas @DrLenaMathews #Hypertension #PreEclampsia #Cardiology #Heart #Research Acute Cardiac Eff...

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Sammy Zakaria, MD, MPH from Johns Hopkins University speaks about Acute Cardiac Effects of Severe Pre-Eclampsia.

Link to Article:
https://www.jacc.org/doi/10.1016/j.jacc.2018.04.048

Summary

Background: Pre-eclampsia with severe features (PEC) is a pregnancy-related condition marked by severe hypertension and end-organ dysfunction, as well as short-term adverse cardiovascular events such as heart failure, pulmonary edema, and stroke.

Objectives include:

The authors wanted to see how right ventricular (RV) systolic pressure (RVSP) and echocardiographic-derived diastolic, systolic, and speckle monitoring parameters changed over time in women with PEC.

Methodologies:

The authors enrolled 63 women with PEC and 36 pregnant control patients in this prospective retrospective study.

The following are the outcomes:

As compared to the control cohort, the PEC cohort had a higher RVSP (31.0 7.9 mm Hg vs. 22.5 6.1 mm Hg; p 0.001) and a lower global RV longitudinal systolic strain (RVLSS) (19.6 3.2 percent vs. 23.8 2.9 percent [p 0.0001]). There were significant differences (p 0.001) in mitral septal e′ velocity (9.6 2.4 cm/s vs. 11.6 1.9 cm/s), septal E/e′ ratio (10.8 2.8 vs. 7.4 1.6), left atrial area size (20.1 3.8 cm2 vs. 17.3 2.9 cm2), and posterior and septal wall thickness for left-sided cardiac parameters (median [interquartile range]: 1.0 cm [0.9 to 1.1 cm] vs. 0.8 cm [0.7 to 0.9 cm], and 1.0 cm [0.8 to 1.2 cm] vs. 0.8 cm [0.7 to 0.9 cm]). PEC was seen in eight women (12.7%) with grade II diastolic dysfunction and six women (9.5%) with peripartum pulmonary edema.

Final Thoughts:

When compared to healthy pregnant women, women with PEC have higher RVSP, higher rates of irregular diastolic activity, decreased global RVLSS, increased left-sided chamber remodeling, and higher rates of peripartum pulmonary edema.

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